24 Jan 2019

François Leulier

Host-Microbiota Mutualism upon Chronic Undernutrition: Lessons from gnotobiotic animal models

François Leulier

Title: Host-Microbiota Mutualism upon Chronic Undernutrition: Lessons from gnotobiotic animal models.

Affiliation: Institut de Génomique Fonctionnelle de Lyon

Abstract:

Metazoans establish reciprocal interactions with their commensal bacterial communities. Despite recent progress, a clear view of the physiological benefits associated with host/microbiota relationship remains elusive. Hence the molecular mechanisms through which the microbiota exerts its beneficial influences are still largely undefined. In this line, we aim at deciphering the molecular dialogue governing the mutualistic interaction between intestinal bacteria and their host. To this end, we are using a genetically tractable gnotobiotic animal model: Drosophila melanogaster, which is mono-associated to one of its natural dominant commensal, Lactobacillus plantarum. We are developing multiscale functional approaches to identify the mechanisms that underlie their mutualistic relationship, which results in the promotion of host juvenile growth upon chronic undernutrition. Our approaches aim at identifying both the bacterial and host genetic networks required to sustain their mutualistic relationship. In addition we are now translating our discoveries to mouse gnotobiotic and conventional models by studying the impact of selected strains of L.plantarum on mice juvenile growth. I will present our latest results using Drosophila and Mouse models.

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